CTIA will require wireless phone makers to publish the
data, known as the Specific Absorption Rate (SAR), for
all phones beginning Aug. 1, 2000
“The SAR isn’t appropriate as a safety measure,” Dr.
George Carlo said. Carlo, who headed the independent
Radiation Protection Project because SAR doesn’t measure
Microwave radiation absorption
occurs at the molecular, cellular, tissue and whole-body
levels. The dominant factor for net energy absorption
by an entire organism is related to the dielectric properties
of bulk water, which ultimately causes transduction
of electromagnetic energy into heat."Cooking"
Digital cellular telephones transmit information in
bursts of power. The power is turned on and off, and
the equipment transmits for a fraction of the time only
and then is silent for the remaining part of the burst
In one study, mice genetically
altered to be predisposed to developing one type of
cancer developed more than twice (200%) as many such
cancers when they were exposed to RF energy compared
A report prepared by the United Kingdom government's
Independent Expert Group on Mobile Phones (IEGMP) was
released on May 11, 2000. It stated "We conclude
therefore that it is not possible at present to say
that exposure to RF radiation, even at levels below
national guidelines, is totally without potential adverse
health effects, and that the gaps in knowledge are sufficient
to justify a precautionary approach." The report
presented numerous conclusions and recommendations,
such as discouraging the marketing of mobile phones
to children and their use of them, an investigation
into the health risks associated with the use of hands
free headsets, radiation exposure levels (expressed
in SAR's) should appear on wireless product product
packages and literature, the circulation of pamphlets
by the government to every household advising the possible
health risks and new tower approval guidelines. Click
here for a summary of the report and its recommendations.
Genetic toxicology studies should
focus on single cell gel studies of DNA strand breakage
and on induction of micronuclei. (These are the only
direct genetoxic effects suggested at this time.) The
need to replicate the Lai and Singh experiments used
to demonstrate microwave-induced DNA strand breakage
(Int. J. Radiat. Biol. 69:513-521, 1996) is strengthened
by Dr. Lai's recent reports in scientific meetings that
this effort is suppressed by melatonin exposure.
In a letter submitted to the U.S. House of Representatives
in May 1997, the FDA acknowledged that "Little
is known about the possible health effects of repeated
or long-term exposure to low levels of radiofrequency
radiation (RFR) of the types emitted by wireless communications
devices" During February, 2000, the FDA issued
a Nomination reiterating their position, stating "There
is currently insufficient scientific basis for concluding
either that wireless communication technologies are
safe or that they pose a risk to millions of users.
A significant research effort, involving large well-planned
animal experiments is needed to provide the basis to
assess the risk to human health of wireless communications
Here is what the EPA
says about radiation exposure:
"Depending on the level of exposure, radiation
can pose a health risk. It can adversely affect individuals
directly exposed as well as their descendants. Radiation
can affect cells of the body, increasing the risk of
cancer or harmful genetic mutations that can be passed
on to future generations; or, if the dosage is large
enough to cause massive tissue damage, it may lead to
death within a few weeks of exposure."Source:
EPA 402-F-98-009 May 1998
The Chairman of WTR, a wireless industry funded organization,
asks the Chairman of AT&T for assistance to inform
consumers about the potential health risks associated
with the use of cellular phones.
The Bluetooth wireless technology standard is a specification
for small form factor, low-cost, wireless communication
and networking between PCs, mobile phones and other
electronic products. It has been adapted for use by
more than 1,400 companies.
The maximum frequency for wireless products compliant
with the Bluetooth specification is 2.497 GHz. AegisGuard™
Phone Radiation Shields include the only shielding technology
currently available that deflects radiation emitted
by Bluetooth compliant products.
Wireless Industry Wants To Raise
Radiation Exposure Limits
Television news shows broadcast in the United States
and Western Europe during the last half of 1999 combined
with additional worldwide news coverage has resulted
in increased public awareness about the health risks
associated with radiation emitted by mobile phones.
Government agencies in the United States, such as the
FCC, FDA and US Congress, and agencies in other nations,
responded with a series of long-term initiatives.
During the summer of 1999, Dr. Om Gandhi reported that
many mobile phones exceed current radiation exposure
limits in the ear. The current limits are being debated
worldwide because highly respected scientists believe
they are already too high.
Despite Dr. Om's report and numerous studies presenting
irrefutable evidence about the health risks, wireless
industry representatives attending an IEEE (Institute
of Electrical and Electronics Engineers) meeting during
October, 1999 in Atlanta, Georgia, proposed to the IEEE's
SCC-28 (Standards Coordinating Committee 28), Subcommittee
4 (SC-4) that the current limits be raised. IEEE's SCC-28
encompasses emission standards from 3 KHz. to 300 GHz.
Representatives from Motorola and Nokia "proposed
that for the general public, the outer ear should be
considered an extremity, similar to the hands, feet,
wrists and ankles, and not a vital organ." The
exposure limits for these extremities are higher than
the rest of the body, and they continued with "thus
it is not necessary to protect the outer ear against
RF exposure at the same level as the brain. If the limit
for the ear is raised, maximum power of phones will
not be limited unnecessarily."
It was reported after the meeting that the members
of SC-4 unanimously supported this proposal.
Phone manufacturers including Alcatel, Ericsson, Hitachi,
Mitsubishi and NEC applied for patents as early as 1992
that included component designs to lower radiation health
risks using various techniques. For example, one patent
application describes a warning device that signals
the user when the maximum permitted output power is
being approached so they can stop using the phone.
U.S. Senate Bill S.800
The U.S. Senate and U.S. House of Representatives passed
Bill S.800 on August 5, 1999 and October 14, 1999, respectively,
to establish '911' as the national emergency telephone
Entitled the `Wireless Communications and Public Safety
Act of 1999', it grants phone carriers and vendors (phone
manufacturers and dealers) the same immunity as wireline
carriers for any liability associated with the use of
their products and services.
Click here and read the third paragraph of the Bill
S.800 Summary. Then click 'Continue to Section 4"
at the end of the paragraph for the Section in Bill
S.800 where vendors are included as "providers
of wireless service" and immunity was granted to
them by the removal of "911" in the Section
U.S. phone safety standards are endorsed by the Federal
Communications Commission (FCC), who admit they "are
primarily a regulatory agency and not an expert on matters
pertaining to health and safety."
The Center for Devices and Radiological Health (CDRH)
division of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is
responsible for establishing safety standards and ensuring
compliance for radiation emitting products sold in the
U.S. that may endanger public health, yet they were
merely an advisor instead of an authority in any capacity
for cellular phones until October 20, 1999.
On that date, a U.S. nationwide news broadcast exposed
information about cellular phone radiation that resulted
in immediate responses from the FCC, FDA and the cellular
industry (CTIA). Despite accusations that the health
effects of cellular phone radiation are being withheld
from consumers by the cellular industry and the government,
the FDA proposed a collaborative project with CTIA to
investigate this issue.